Traditional open surgery is performed through a large incision, allowing the surgeon to directly access the abdominal organs. This is the method that has been used for hundreds of years. The advantage of open surgery is that it allows the surgeon’s hands to enter the abdomen. Thus, the surgeon can easily access the abdominal organs and examine them by touch. There are still some surgeons who only use open surgical techniques.
The obvious downside of open surgery is that it requires a large incision. This is more painful and requires more recovery time than the laparoscopic approach.