If you suffer from known heart disease, it will be necessary to have a cardiac evaluation prior to bariatric surgery. Similarly, if you have cardiac risk factors, such as age over 40, diabetes, or a strong family history, you will need to get your cardiac health evaluated prior to bariatric surgery.
When you meet with a cardiologist, he or she will take a full medical history and perform a physical examination. You will need to have an EKG, or electrocardiogram, which is quickly done in the office. Many patients will undergo a stress test to see how the heart functions when under stress. If the stress test is positive then additional workup may be required.
Many obese individuals have sleep apnea. This is a condition where fatty tissue in the neck compresses your airway at night, resulting in such severe snoring that you stop breathing for a short period. This episode (called an “apnea”) will usually wake you up so that you start breathing again. However, these frequent awakenings mean that you never get a full night’s sleep!
Patients with sleep apnea tend to have trouble sleeping and feel poorly rested in the morning. They are often irritable or sleepy during the day, and may eSven fall asleep while working or driving.
Sleep apnea can be detected by an overnight sleep evaluation, also called polysomnography, or a sleep evaluation. If your surgeon feels that you may have sleep apnea, you will be asked to have a sleep study. If the study shows that you do have sleep apnea, this can be treated with a special breathing mask, known as CPAP or BiPAP, that you wear at night.
If you have asthma or some other known pulmonary disease, you will be asked to meet with a pulmonologist, or lung doctor, prior to surgery. The pulmonologist may request additional studies, such as pulmonary function testing, or PFTs. In PFTs, you breath into a machine which measures the size and rate of your breaths. This can give us very helpful information about the state of your lungs.